Detecting Tor communication

TorĀ (The Onion Router) is an internet communication network built on privacy and anonymity. Much of the attention that Tor receives comes from the malicious segment of users that leverage the Tor network to conduct attacks while concealing their location. This negative association and challenge in attribution have led most organizations to block traffic coming from … Read more

Using DoD Root Certificates with Git

Git clients perform certificate verification whenever you interact with a remote repository over TLS. Since the Department of Defense (DoD) certificates are not in most mainstream operating systems, the validation fails. The quick and insecure solution is to disable certificate verification globally. git config –global http.sslVerify false Or you can also use the -c option, … Read more

Honeypot Diaries: Dota Malware

A honeypot is a form of deception technology used to observe threat actor tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP). I have deployed a customized version of the Cowrie honeypot in several regions, and I have one at home to capture residential IP space activity. The Honeypot Diaries will be a recurring series that I will use to share … Read more

Blue Team Tactics: Honey Tokens Pt. III

This is the final part of a multipart blog post, read part one and two then continue here. In part 2, we simulated adversary interaction with our deployed tokens and then leveraged Windows Event Viewer to assess the generated artifacts. What follows will be several options for getting the audit logs from the endpoints to … Read more

Blue Team Tactics: Honey Tokens Pt. II

This is a multipart blog post, read part one and then continue here. We enabled filesystem auditing, created our audit template, and staged our honey tokens for deployment in part one. In part two, we will deploy the honey tokens and identify various methods for monitoring adversary interaction. Deploying honey tokens using PowerShell (PoSh) I … Read more

Load Balancing a Splunk Search Head Cluster

A Splunk Search Head (SH) enables an analyst to query a Splunk Indexer for data in a distributed configuration. A Search Heads group that shares knowledge objects and settings is known collectively as a Search Head Cluster (SHC). Deploying a SHC provides high availability (HA) and many other benefits to your users. However, as you scale out … Read more

FreeIPA integration with Splunk

Splunk has built-in user authentication; however, if you have multiple deployments or a clustered environment, it makes sense to utilize centralized user management. FreeIPA provides a solution similar to a Domain Controller in an Active Directory (AD) environment. Setting up FreeIPA is outside the scope of this document, and we will instead focus on how to integrate Splunk … Read more

Blue Team Tactics: Honey Tokens Pt. I

If you are defending an enterprise network, you should be using some form of honey token or canary, which is just something you place in your environment that no one should access. If any interaction is detected, it is usually an indicator of unauthorized activity. Using pseudo domain accounts as honey tokens usually illuminate the risk bubble … Read more

DIY IP Threat Feed

A threat feed is a collection of actionable information about threats that allows for mitigating harmful events. This blog post is concerned with developing an IP based threat feed or blacklist. We will look at how to gather, aggregate, enrich, and extract threat data for consumption. Gathering the threat data I have several servers in … Read more